Sultan ul Tarikeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani RA

Sultan-ul-Tarikeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani RA is the 26th Shaikh of the Sarwari Qadri Order. Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA transferred the Trust of Allah to him and he became the next Shaikh of the Sarwari Qadri Order after the former. The origin of Sainthood in Ahmadpur East is owed to Pir Abdullah Shah RA.

Genealogy

Sultan-ul-Tarikeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani RA was born on the Friday night of the 29th Ramazan 1186 H (24th December 1772) in Madina. He moved to Ahmadpur Sharqiah, Bahawalpur on the Saturday of 29th Ramazan 1241 H (6th May 1826) in the reign of Nawab Bahawal Khan III. He was the great grandson of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi RA. His ancestry goes up to Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu in the following way:

Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani RA son of Syed Abdul Raheem RA son of Syed Abdul Aziz RA son of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi RA son of Syed Abdul Qadir son of Sharf-ud-Din son of Syed Ahmed son of Syed Alla-ud-Din Sani son of Syed Shahab-ud-Din Sani son of Syed Sharf-ud-Din Qasim son of Syed Mohi-ud-Din Yahya son of Syed Badr-ud-Din Hussain son of Alla-ud-Din son of Shams-ud-Din son of Saif-ud-Din Yahya son of Zaheer-ud-Din Masood son of Abi Nasr Mohammad son of Abu Saleh Nasr son of Syedna Abdul Razzaq Jilani RA son of Ghaus-ul-Azam Syedna Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu.

His mother, Syeda Momina, belonged to the progeny of Imam Syed Mohammad Taqi Alayh Salam. Hence, he was a Hussaini Syed from his maternal side.

Ancestors & Parents

Syed Abdul Aziz RA, the son of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi RA was born in Dehli in 1082 H (1671 AD). In 1182 H (1769 AD), Syeda Momina was married to Syed Abdul Raheem RA. She was a very pious lady who always used to say her Tahajjud prayers and had learnt the Quran verbally. This marriage became a source of peace and stability for Syed Abdul Raheem RA.

After 4 years of marriage, the couple had a son whose sacred birth took place on the Friday night of 29th Ramazan 1186 H (24th December 1722) in Madina. He was none other than Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA named after his maternal great grandfather by his grandfather Syed Zaki-ud-Din. The child’s forehead was illuminated by the Noor of Allah. Whoever beheld him, went ecstatic. Syed Abdullah Shah was his grandfather’s beloved, who always tried to keep him close to himself. He used to say, “One day, this child would shine like the Noor (Light) at the horizon of sainthood.”

When Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA was 7 years of age, his mother started teaching him to memorize the Holy Quran and at the age of 12, he successfully learnt all of it. He developed a very restless and anxious nature and would find peace only while praying or reading the Quran. So he spent most of his time worshipping Allah. He had a special place in his heart for his grandfather because he was the one who told him about the life and personality of Prophet Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam, and showed him each and every place where he had stayed between Makkah and Madina.

Search of Divine Truth

Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA had grown disgusted from everything that life had to offer. When his state of anxiety used to increase, he immediately started worshipping and reciting the Holy Quran but as soon as he paused, the same state took over him again. His frenzy reached its peak and he wandered for miles in the heat from Madina to Makkah sometimes around Ka’aba clinging to its walls and sometimes secluding himself in the cave of Hira and Thaur without food. Nine years passed in the same state.

On the Sunday of 27th Shaban 1226 H (15th September 1811 AD), at the age of 40, Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA secluded himself in Masjid-e-Nabwi seeking the heritage of Faqr and started serving there. He quietly kept himself absorbed in his work and found the peace and bliss which was missing in his life.

After 6 years of hard work, Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA was graced with the holy presence of Prophet Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam in his dream who asked him, “What do you ask for, in return of your services?” He replied humbly, “You know that this slave of yours seeks only Faqr.” Hearing this, the Holy Prophet said, “For Faqr, you would have to go to Hindustan to Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo.”

When Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA woke up, he was surprised and worried to think that Hazrat Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam himself is the origin of righteousness and guidance so how can he refer to Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA. Hence, he continued his routine services at Masjid-e-Nabwi. After another six years, Prophet Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam came into his dream again and asked the same question as he did before. “What do you ask for, in return of your services?” He replied the same as well that his only wish is Faqr. He replied, “You would get Faqr only from Sakhi Sultan Bahoo“. This time, Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA added, “I am totally unaware of the language, culture and livelihood of that region.” Prophet Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam replied, “I hand you over to my beloved, Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, now it is his responsibility to guide you and help you reach there“. He woke up and came out of the holy Masjid-e-Nabwi after 12 years of stay, on the Monday of 23rd Ramazan 1238 H (2nd June 1823 AD).

Spiritual Journey

On the Sunday of the 29th of Ramazan 1238 H (8th June 1823 AD), he left Madina and made his way towards Baghdad. On the Monday of 28th Shawal 1238 H (7th July 1823 AD), he reached the sacred shrine of Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu who greeted by saying, “You are my genealogical as well as spiritual son.” For about 2 years, Ghaus-ul-Azam Razi Allah Anhu spiritually educated Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA. He then spiritually handed him over to his son Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Razzaq RA saying, “He is your son and it is now your responsibility to guide him further.” He ordered Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah, “Proceed by meeting every Sarwari Qadri Shaikh according to their sequence in the Order and then reach the assembly of our beloved Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA which is your destiny, from there you will find Faqr and get Amanat-e-Elahiya (the Trust of Allah).” Hence, on Sunday, 11th of Jamadi-us-Sani 1240 H (30th January 1825 AD), after receiving the spiritual bounty from Syed Abdul Razzaq RA, Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA started his journey in the same sequence.

After spiritually meeting and getting beneficence from each spiritual guide of  Sarwari Qadri Order, he reached  the sacred shrine of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA on Monday, 12th Rabi-ul-Awwal 1241 (24th October 1825). Upon seeing him, he said, “Welcome Abdullah Shah Sahib, I had been waiting just for you.”  After meeting all the Shaikhs of the Order, the Divine Secret was already revealed to Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA.

Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA transferred the Amanat-e-Elahiya/Trust of Allah to Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA.

Arrival at Ahmedpur Sharqiah Bahawalpur (Pakistan)

On the Saturday of 29th Ramazan 1241 H (6th May 1826 AD), in the reign of Nawab Bahawal Khan III, Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA reached Ahmadpur Sharqiah. He resided at the hillock which is now a mosque near his shrine. When the Nawab got to know about this, he came to have the privilege of meeting him. After having the honour of his company and beneficence Nawab Bahawal Khan built a house for Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA and quarters for the dervishes. He even took upon himself the expenditures of Khanqah, the lungar of dervishes and visitors, food and all the other miscellaneous expenses. Whenever he faced difficulties or problems in life, he requested Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA with utmost respect to pray and consequently, all his problems got resolved.

Title

Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah’s title is “Sultan-ul-Tarikeen” meaning “The Sultan of Relinquishers of the world”. In the way of Faqr the Seeker of Allah has to renounce the world and its love from his heart to make his heart pure for Allah. Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah never indulged in worldly love and renounced everything in the Love of Allah to the extent that he was entitled as Sultan-ul-Tarikeen. The title of Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani RA is “Sultan-ul-Tarikeen” which was bestowed upon him by the Assembly of Prophet Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam because he was one of those saints about whom Allah has said in the Hadith-e-Qudsi, “There are few of My Men who are under My cover, nobody knows about them but Me.”

In the Malfuzaat of Pir Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Shah RA, it is written:

  • He was an independent saint, complete Knower and perfect Friend of Allah, amongst the most pious ones who are hidden from the world according to the Hadith-e-Qudsi. Indifferent to the fame of world, he remained in solitude, meditating with complete attention towards Allah in his state of engrossment.”

He always kept himself away from the affairs of the state, court and fame. Neither did he go to the gathering of any Nawab nor to any Sardar. He always stayed at his Khanqah and when the True Seekers of Allah came to him, he blessed them with spiritual guidance and the bounty of Allah cleansing their Nafs and purifying their heart.

Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu and Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA spiritually addressed him as ‘Shah Sahib’ which is why he is famous with this title as well.

Spiritual Sufi Order

The Order of Faqr of Sultan-ul-Tarikeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA is Sarwari Qadri and he is the 26th Shaikh of the Sarwari Qadri Order after Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA. (http://www.sultanulfaqr.com/multimedia/eng/_publisher/The-Spiritual-Guides-of-Sarwari-Qadri-Order/The-Spiritual-Guides-of-Sarwari-Qadri-Order.html?page=261)

The Sarwari Qadri Order lineage reaches Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah RA in the following order:

  1. Prophet Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam
  2. Hazrat Ali bin Abu Talib Karum Allah Wajhu
  3. Hazrat Khawaja Hassan Basri Razi Allah Anhu
  4. Hazrat Shaikh Habib Ajmi RA
  5. Hazrat Shaikh Daud Tai RA
  6. Hazrat Shaikh Maroof Karkhi RA
  7. Hazrat Shaikh Sirri Saqti RA
  8. Hazrat Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi RA
  9. Hazrat Shaikh Jafar Abu Bakr Shibli RA
  10. Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Aziz Bin Hars Bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi RA
  11. Hazrat Shaikh Abu-al-Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi RA
  12. Hazrat Shaikh Mohammad Yousaf Abu-al-Farrah Turtoosi RA
  13. Hazrat Shaikh Abu-al-Hassan Ali Bin Mohammad Qureshi Hankari RA
  14. Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi RA
  15. Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu
  16. Hazrat Shaikh Taj-ud-Din Abu Bakr Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani RA
  17. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Abdul Jabbar RA
  18. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Mohammad Sadiq Yahya RA
  19. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Najm-ud-Din Burhan Puri RA
  20. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Abdul Fattah RA
  21. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Abdul Sattar RA
  22. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Abdul Baqqa RA
  23. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Abdul Jaleel RA
  24. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi RA
  25. Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA
  26. Sultan-ul-Tarikeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani RA

Sacred Shrine

Syed_Abdullah_Shah

Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani passed away after the Asr prayer on the Friday of 29th Ramazan 1276 H (20th April 1860). His shrine is in Fatani Chowk, Fatani Mahallah Ahmadpur Sharqiah Bahawalpur.

Bibliography

  1. Sawane Hayat (biography) Sultan-ul-Tarikeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Syed Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni JilaniRA ISBN 9789699795022
  1. Shams-ul-Fuqaraan encyclopedia of the teachings of Sultan-ul-Arifeen written by Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman ISBN 978-969-9795-04-6
  1. Sultan Bahoo-The Life and Teachings: (Shams-ul-Fuqara in English): written by Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman and Translation of by Yasmin Khurshid Malik Sarwari Qadri, Ambreen Moghees Sarwari Qadri, Neyn Tara Sarwari Qadri ISBN 978-969-9795-18-3
  1. Sufism:Heart of Islam written by Sadia Dehlvi ISBN978-93-5029-448-2
  1. Mujtaba Akhir Zamani-life history of the Mashaikhs of the Sarwari Qadri Order written by Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman ISBN 978-969-9795-07-7
  1. The Spiritual Guides of Sarwari Qadri Order: (Mujtaba Akhir Zamani in English): Written by Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman and Translation of by Yasmin Khurshid Malik Sarwari Qadri, Ambreen Moghees Sarwari Qadri, Neyn Tara Sarwari Qadri
  1. Sarwari Qadiri Order ISBN9781158473861
  1. Kalam Mashaikh Sarwari Qadripoetry of spiritual guides of Sarwari Qadri Order written by Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman ISBN 9789699795237
  1. Mirat-e-Sultani written by Dr. Sultan Altaf Ali
  1. Tazkira Auliya-e-Jhang’ written by: Iqbal Zuberi
  2. Tazkarah-tul-Auliya written by Hazrat Farid ud Din Attar RA
  1. Tareekh-e-Jhang written by: Iqbal Zuberi
  2. Biographical Encyclopedia of Sufis by N. Hanif ISBN 9788176250870

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